Debt/Income Ratio

Your ratio of debt to income is a tool lenders use to calculate how much money is available for a monthly mortgage payment after you have met your other monthly debt payments.

Understanding your qualifying ratio

For the most part, conventional mortgage loans require a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can be applied to housing costs (this includes principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property taxes, and HOA dues).

The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that should be spent on housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes car loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.

Some example data:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to run your own numbers, please use this Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.

Guidelines Only

Remember these ratios are just guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford.

C2 Financial Corporation can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Call us at 5622061550.

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5150 E Pacific Coast Highway Suite 200
Long Beach, CA 90804-3399